A fear of an exposed forum or market is the dictionary's description of the age-old Greek word agoraphobia. Individuals who experience extreme, debilitating anxiety and the need to escape, relating to certain circumstances that they may find themselves in, such as being isolated from others away from home, being among a dense crowd of people, traveling in a bus, plane, or car, or being unable to get out of an abusive situation, are suffering from agoraphobia.

It is typical for agoraphobia to arise after an individual is already suffering from anxiety disorder, according to cases reported to professionals in the field of mental health. To better grant the meaning of agoraphobia, it can be viewed as a negative response that includes frequent panic episodes, followed by anxiety about future attacks, as well as the overwhelming urge to avoid these situations at all costs.

Women are twice as likely to suffer from agoraphobia as men are. One reason that women may be more affected by this condition, is that our society has deemed it much more acceptable for a woman to employ techniques for managing such situations in a public manner, but this is just a general theory.

A Look At Specific Phobias

An intenet fear of being in a certain circumstance or fear of a particular item indicates the presence of one of these phobias. When a stricken individual comes into contact with the specific item that their phobia stems from, whether it is face to face, in a movie or on TV, or they simply conjure up the image in their mind, the sufferer will react with extreme anxiety, and could also experience an anxiety attack in connection with the object. In their minds, adult sufferers are aware that their fears are unfounded. But, this does not keep them from going out of their way to steer clear of the object of their fear, or struggle immensely when avoidance is impossible. Circumstances and objects that are among the most widely experienced of the specific phobias are, the fear of driving a vehicle, flying in a plane, the fear of heights, injections, storms, elevators, blood, water, insects such as bees, wasps, and spiders, and animals such as rats, mice, dogs, birds, and snakes.

Each year 8 percent of all people over the age of 17, live with some type of specific phobia. This estimate is reasonably conservative based on the stringent guidelines for diagnosing the condition. Most individuals who are going to experience specific phobias, will start to realize these fears when they are young, but it is now recognized that in the mid twenties, there is also a greater chance of developing phobias. It is common for suffering with these phobias to go on for many years, with relief unnecessarily without treatment is thought.

It is usually not one life-changing incident, such as a dog attack or car accident that is responsible for the sunset of specific phobias. It is more likely that the sufferer has a relative who shares their phobia, and they have spent years being exposed to that person's anxious responses. There are incidences of anxiety episodes that seem to arise out of the blue, with a specific phobia associated with these attacks, but in these cases, it is likely that the phobia will be very focused and confined to the object of the attacks.